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library name : انستیتو تغذیه دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی
Material Type : Latin Articles
Language of Document : English
Record Number : 61556
Doc. No : 207A
Main Entry : RADMEHR H.
Title & Author : CAROTID ARTERY DISEASE IN PATIENTS WITH CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE (INCIDENCE AND RISK FACTORS) [Article]
Title : IRANIAN HEART JOURNAL (IHJ)
Volume Number : , Vol.5 ؛ No.4
Date : , (2004)
page : : 45 - 48
Abstract : Background: Carotid artery studies in ischemic heart disease patients have revealed that only 40.6percent of them have intact carotid arteries and the remainder has variant degrees of atherosclerotic changes in their carotid arteries. Myocardial ischemia and cerebrovascular accidents have similar risk factors. The purpose of this study is to determine the common risk factors and incidence of carotid endarterectomy, Methods: This is a case series study in 3340 coronary artery bypass graft )CABG( patients in the cardiac surgery department at our center conducted between April 1998 and Dec. 2001, with special emphasis on 60 patients who underwent simultaneous CABG and carotid endarterectomy.Results: There were sixty )60( patients with simultaneous CABG - carotid endarterectomy )CE( among the 3340 CABG patients )1.8percent(. The mean age of isolated CABG patients was 57.6 years, and the mean age of CABG -CE patients was 66.3 years. The mortality rate of CABG patients was 2percent and the mortality rate in CABG - CE patients was 13.3percent. In CABG - CE patients, 81.6percent had three-vessel coronary artery disease, 16percent had left main disease, and 25percent had a history of stroke. Risk factors in CABG ع CE patients were hypertension 60percent, smoking 60percent, hyperlipidemia 55percent, diabetes mellitus 30percent, COPD 10percent, and peripheral vascular disease 20percent.Conclusion: This study showed that risk factors in CABG and CE patients are multifactorial, and smoking and hypertension are the most important risk factors.
Descriptor : CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFT
Descriptor : CAROTID ENDARTERECTOMY
Descriptor : RISK FACTORS
Added Entry : LAJAVARDI M
: SHAHZADI M.
 
 
 
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