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library name : انستیتو تغذیه دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی
Material Type : Latin Articles
Language of Document : English
Record Number : 61637
Doc. No : 288A
Main Entry : AGNIHOTRI G
Title & Author : CRANIOFACIAL ANTHROPOMETRY IN NEWBORNS AND INFANTS [Article]
Title : IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS
Volume Number : , Vol.17 ؛ No.4
Date : , (2007)
page : : 332 - 338
Abstract : Objective: The face is involved in many syndromes of dysmorphogenesis. The soft tissue facial landmarks are known to be influenced by age, race and sex and it is imperative to identify a balance between them before reconstructive surgery. Further, with knowledge of standard facial traits, an individualized norm can be established to optimize facial attractiveness.Material & Methods: Measurements were made on 60 infants )30 males and 30 females( aged between 1-4 months and 60 newborns )30 males and 30 females( with a view to establish the criterion of facial anthropometry for this age group in North Indians. A special emphasis was given in this study to sexual dimorphism.Findings: The mean value and range for all the parameters was determined for the North Indian population. A statistically significant sexual dimorphism was noted to exist in ear length )P<0.01( and length of the philtrum )P<0.05(. Philtral-commissural ratio was determined for North Indians, philtrum width=oral width/3.2.Conclusion: The local values derived from well defined populations should be used as reference in the evaluation of a case with dimorphic features. This study demonstrates the existence of a partial positive correlation between philtral width and oral width, i.e. when one increases the other also increases and vice versa. The Philtralعcommissural relationship is expected to assist in planning philtral construction in cleft lip patients.
Descriptor : DIMORPHISM
Descriptor : NORTH INDIAN
Descriptor : PHILTRAL-COMMISURAL RATIO
Descriptor : ANTHROPOMETRY
Added Entry : SINGH S.
 
 
 
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