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library name : انستیتو تغذیه دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی
Material Type : Latin Articles
Language of Document : English
Record Number : 61733
Doc. No : 385A
Main Entry : EFTEKHARI M.H
Title & Author : EFFECT OF TWO ISOCALORIC DIETS, LOW FAT- HIGH CALCIUM AND LOW FAT- HIGH FIBER ON WEIGHT REDUCTION, LIPID PROFILE, AND BLOOD PRESSURE [Article]; KASHFI S.M.,KHAJEH RAHIM A.A.
Title : IRANIAN CARDIOVASCULAR RESEARCH JOURNAL
Volume Number : , Vol.3 ؛ No.4
Date : , (2009)
page : : 200 - 206
Abstract : Background: Coronary Heart Disease is commonly associated with obesity, raised serum lipid levels and changes in blood pressure. The present study was designed to assess the effect of low fat- high calcium, and low fat- high fiber diets on weight reduction, lipid profile and blood pressure. Methods: The study sample consisted of 136 referred patients adult, obese men aged 53-64 years. Samples randomly were subdivided in two groups. Group 1 was advised 1600 calories, 20percent fat, 1600 mg calcium rich diet and group 2 followed similar diet as for group 1 except a total daily intake of 55g fiber and 900 mg calcium per day for 12 weeks. Blood samples were collected and assayed for total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and TG. Anthropometric assessments included measurement of weight, height, and waist circumferences followed by calculating Body mass index. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were measured by using sphygmomanometer. Statistical analysis was performed with parametric and non-parametric methods as appropriate.Results: Data analysis revealed a significant decrease in total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and TG in two groups, without any significant changes in HDL-cholesterol. Weight and blood pressure decreased in two groups, but the rate of reduction in blood pressure, weight and waist circumference were more significant in group 1 compared to group 2.Conclusion: An increase in dietary calcium intake, together with a Low calorie, low-fat diet can increase lipolysis in fat tissues, make greater weigh loss, ameliorate blood pressure, improve lipid levels, and reduce the risk of coronary vascular diseases.
Descriptor : WEIGHT REDUCTION
Descriptor : LOW FAT DIET
Descriptor : FIBER
Descriptor : CALCIUM
Added Entry : RAJAEIFARD A.R
: AHMADI A
 
 
 
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