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library name : انستیتو تغذیه دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی
Material Type : Latin Articles
Language of Document : English
Record Number : 61804
Doc. No : 458A
Main Entry : MESDAGHINIA A
Title & Author : EVALUATION OF FERRIC CHLORIDE AND ALUM EFFICIENCIES IN ENHANCED COAGULATION FOR TOC REMOVAL AND RELATED RESIDUAL METAL CONCENTRATIONS [Article]; MAHVI A.H.
Title : IRANIAN JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING (IJEHSE)
Volume Number : , Vol.2 ؛ No.3
Date : , (2005)
page : : 189 - 194
Abstract : Although the removal of colloidal particles continues to be an important reason for using coagulation, a newer objective, the removal of natural organic matter )NOM( to reduce the formation of disinfection by-products )DBPs(, is growing in importance. Enhanced coagulation is thus introduced to most water utilities treating surface water. Bench-scale experiments were conducted to compare the effectiveness of alum and ferric chloride in removing DBPs precursors from eight synthetic water samples, each representing a different element of the USEPAعs 3أ3 enhanced coagulation matrix. The effect of enhanced coagulation on the residual metal )aluminum/iron( concentration in the treated water was assessed as well. The removal of total organic carbon )TOC( was dependent on the coagulant type and was enhanced with increasing coagulant dose, but the latter had no further considerable effect in case of increasing to high levels. For all the treated samples coagulation with ferric chloride proved to be more effective than alum at similar doses and the mean values of treatment efficiencies were 51percent and 32percent for ferric chloride and alum, respectively. Ferric chloride was therefore considered the better chemical for enhancing the coagulation process. Besides, due to less production of sludge by this coagulant, it would be predicted that treatment plants would be confronted to fewer problems with respect to final sludge disposal. Measurements of residual metal in treated water indicated that iron and aluminum concentrations had been increased as expected but the quality of water concerning the residual metal deteriorated much more in cases of under-dosing. Despite expecting high residual Al and Fe concentrations under enhanced coagulation, metal concentrations were frequently remained low and were not increased appreciably.
Descriptor : DRINKING WATER
Descriptor : ENHANCED COAGULATION
Descriptor : HUMIC ACID
Descriptor : DBPS
Descriptor : RESIDUAL METAL
Added Entry : RAFIEE M.T
: VAEZI F
 
 
 
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