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library name : انستیتو تغذیه دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی
Material Type : Latin Articles
Language of Document : English
Record Number : 61876
Doc. No : 530A
Main Entry : GHAFARI MOGHADAM A
Title & Author : GUM OVERGROWTH AND ATHEROSCLEROSIS IN RENAL TRANSPLANT RECIPIENTS (POSTER PRESENTATIONS: P132) [Article]; MOHAMMADI A.
Title : IRANIAN JOURNAL OF KIDNEY DISEASES (IJKD)
Volume Number : , Vol.3 ؛ No.SUPPLEMENT 1
Date : , (2009)
page : : 21 - 21
Abstract : Introduction. Gingival overgrowth )GO( is the main oral manifestation in transplant recipients )TR(. The risk factors for GO occurrence are calcineurin inhibitors, bacterial dental plaque, gingival inflammation index, calcium channel blockers, transforming growth factor-beta, HLA-A24, IL-1A polymorphisms, and down-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase levels in gingival fibroblast.Interestingly, some risk factors for atherosclerosis such as bacterial dental plaque and gingival inflammation are similar to the risk factors of GO. Therefore, we suggest that there may be acorrelation between GO and atherosclerosis.Methods. In this cross-sectional case-control study, we enrolled 343 renal TRs who received their allograft between 1997 and 2004. Carotid intimal medial thickness )CIMT( as a marker of atherosclerosis was measured by ultrasonography in TRs by asingle radiologist and a CIMT of 7.5 mm was considered positive. All TRs were examined by a single dentist and GO scoring was determined based on Mc Gaw scoring system. Other demographic and clinical data were obtained from medical records and the RTs. Data was analyzed using Chi-square, t test, and logistic regression. Results. Among 343 RTs, 57.7percent were male and mean age was 40.54▒آ 13.08 years. A CIMT of 7.5 mm and GO were found in 33.8percent and 37.6percent of the RTs, respectively. We found a strong correlation between CIMT and GO )P = 0.0001(. Also, there were correlations between age )P = 0.0001(, dyslipidemia )P = 0.0001(, diabetes )P = 0.002(, BMI )P = 0.006(, and dialysis duration )P = 0.02( and CIMT. There were correlation between age )P = 0.007(, and using calcium channel blocker )P = 0.03( and GO. Using logistic regression analysis, GO )P = 0.0001, OR=0.19, 95percent CI: 0.1-0.35(, age )P = 0.0001, OR=9.28, 95percent CI: 3.97-22.68(, sex )P = 0.019. OR=0.47, 95percentCI: 0.25-0.88(, dialysis duration )P = 0.02, OR=0.97, 95percentCI: 0.96-0.99(, dyslipidemia )P = 0.007, OR= 0.34, 95percentCI: 0.23-0.79(, and diabetes )P = 0.01, OR=0.27, 95percentCI: 0.1-0.73( remained correlated with CIMT.Conclusion. We found a correlation between CIMT and GO. To our knowledge, this is the first study on this correlation. We suggest further studies to clarify this correlation which may be used in clinical practice as a risk factor of atherosclerosis.
Descriptor : MALNUTRITION
Descriptor : GROWTH CHART
Descriptor : INFANT WEANING Growth chart is the best measure for weight monitoring of children. Most factors that affect child heath show their effect on child weight. This cross sectional and descriptive analytical study was achieved to estimate malnutrition prevalence and effective factors in children under 5 years old in rural area of Khoramabad province. 555 girls and 570 boys were chosen from health houses by cluster sampling. Data were gathered through questionnaires. verbal interviews and child weighing. Nutritional status was estimated via weight/age index and the data were analysed by chi-square test. The results show 7.7
Descriptor : malnutrition among the children in this area. Factors that influence the nutritional status were: Frequency of diarrhea and acute respiratory infection
Descriptor : birth weight
Descriptor : duration of breast feeding and milk formula. Keyword: MALNUTRITION
Descriptor : GROWTH CHART
Descriptor : INFANT WEANING
Added Entry : JAFARI L
: SALARI S
 
 
 
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