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library name : انستیتو تغذیه دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی
Material Type : Latin Articles
Language of Document : English
Record Number : 61902
Doc. No : 557A
Main Entry : OMRANI GH.R.
Title & Author : HYPERGLYCEMIC CRISES IN DIABETIC PATIENTS [Article]
Title : SHIRAZ E MEDICAL JOURNAL
Volume Number : , Vol.5 ؛ No.3
Date : , (2004)
page : : 0 - 0
Abstract : Diabetic ketoacidosis )DKA( and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state )HHS( are two important causes of mortality and morbidity in patients with diabetes. Mortality rates are <5percent in DKA and about 15percent in HHS, much of which are avoidable with appropriate management. The prognosis is worsened with aging, hypotension, coma and concomitant life-threatening illnesses.The criteria for DKA and HHS are somewhat arbitrary, although glucose level is higher and ketone body level is minimal in HHS, but they are two extremes in a spectrum of diabetic metabolic decompensation. In general, DKA occurs in type 1 and most often HHS occurs in type 2 diabetes; however, each type of diabetes may be associated with DKA or HHS. Both conditions are associated with marked dehydration, electrolyte disturbances and insulin deficiency and increased counterregulatory hormones, so treatment consists of water and electrolytes replacement and insulin administration. Recognition and treatment of precipitating factors and frequent monitoring of patients are considered the most crucial aspects of the management.
Descriptor : DIABETES
Descriptor : DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS
Descriptor : HYPEROSMOLAR HYPERGLYCEMIC STATE
Descriptor : HYPEROSMOLAR NONKETOTIC COMA
Descriptor : HYPEROSMOLAR STATES
Descriptor : DIABETES C
Added Entry : AFKHAMIZADEH M.,
: KITABCHI AE.
 
 
 
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