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library name : انستیتو تغذیه دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی
Material Type : Latin Articles
Language of Document : English
Record Number : 62123
Doc. No : 784A
Main Entry : MOAYERI H
Title & Author : PREVALENCE OF DYSLIPIDEMIA IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE I [Article]
Title : IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS
Volume Number : , Vol.16 ؛ No.2
Date : , (2006)
page : : 171 - 176
Abstract : Background: Dyslipidemia is frequently observed in patients with diabetes mellitus and has led to development of screening programs and intervention studies. Dyslipidemia has been identified as an important risk factor for coronary heart disease.Methods: 128 patients with type 1 diabetes attending a single pediatric endocrine clinic underwent anthropometric and biochemical assessment. Anthropometric measurements followed WHO criteria. Blood samples were analyzed for glycated hemoglobin )HbA1 C(, cholesterol )chol(, triglycerides )TG(, low density lipoprotein )LDL( and high density lipoprotein )HDL(, and blood pressure was recorded.Findings: Patients' mean age was 12.6 ▒آ4.1 years. Patients' mean age at the onset of diabetes was 7.1▒آ2.8 years. Mean duration of diabetes was 6.9▒آ3.2years. 48.5percent of patients had some form of dyslipidemia. 21.4percent had isolated hypertriglyceridemia, 11.6percent isolated hypercholesterolemia and 15.5percent mixed hyperlipidemia. Factors associated with dyslioidemia included longer duration of diabetes, higher mean age, higher mean HbA1C )p 0.001(. Hypertriglyceridemia was more frequent in female patients and subjects with higher BMI )p<0.05(. The mean value of TG 199.9▒آ74.1 mg/dl, TC 178.5▒آ29 mg/dl and LDL 141.2▒آ37 were significantly higher in patients with poor metabolic control )mean value of HbA1C 9.3▒آ1.8( than the diabetic patients with better control )mean value of HbA1C 7.1▒آ0.77(, TG 156.8▒آ55.9mg/ dl; TC143.5▒آ37.6 mg/dl and LDL 108▒آ21.2.Conclusion: Our findings indicated that type I diabetic patients with poor metabolic control are at higher risk of developing dyslipidemia. However, given the well documented problems of lifestyle regulation and compliance in optimizing control especially in this age group, we need to develop alternative and simple interventional strategies to improve outcome. Monitoring of lipids should be extended and yearly screening of patients for dyslipidemia recommended.
Descriptor : DYSLIPIDEMIA
Descriptor : TYPE I DIABETES
Descriptor : CORONARY HEART DISEASE
Descriptor : GLYCATED HEMOGLOBIN (HBA1C)
Added Entry : OLOOMI Z.
 
 
 
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