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library name : انستیتو تغذیه دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی
Material Type : Latin Articles
Language of Document : English
Record Number : 62137
Doc. No : 798A
Main Entry : RAFIEI M
Title & Author : PREVALENCE OF TRADITIONAL CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE RISK FACTORS IN YAZD URBAN POPULATION: YAZD HEALTHY HEART PROJECT [Article]; NAMAYANDEH S.M.*,SADR M.H.
Title : IRANIAN HEART JOURNAL (IHJ)
Volume Number : , Vol.10 ؛ No.4
Date : , (2009)
page : : 28 - 36
Abstract : Background: Coronary artery disease )CAD( risk factors are increasing in developing counties.Previous studies have shown a high prevalence of CAD risk factors in Iran but geographical prevalence is not uniform. We performed this study to determine the prevalence of these risk factors in Yazd province, central Iran.Method: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 2000 participants, 1000 men and 1000 women among Yazd citizens, were surveyed and data was recorded in a 500-item questionnaire.Results: About 85percent of Yazd citizens had at least one and 61.1percent had at least two coronary artery disease risk factors. The present study showed that 16.38percent of Yazd citizens were obese )9.2percent in men and 24.2percent in women(, and 43.3percent of men and 62.05percent of women had excess weight.Prevalence of hypercholesterolemia was 12.1percent )10.6percent in men and 13.8percent in women, respectively(, dyslipidemia 58.5percent )59percent and 57.6percent, respectively(, high blood pressure )HTN( 25.6percent )27.5percent and 23.5percent, respectively(, diabetes mellitus )DM( 11percent )10.48percent and 11.5percent, respectively(, impaired glucose tolerance 8.5percent )7.9percent and 9.1percent, respectively( and cigarette smoking 13.12percent )24.45percent and 0.5percent, respectively(. The prevalence of hypercholesterolemia, dyslipidemia, DM, HTN, and abdominal obesity increased significantly with age )p<0.005(.The prevalence of obesity, abdominal obesity, hypercholesterolemia and DM was significantly higher in women.Conclusion: Excess weight, dyslipidemia and HTN were the most prevalent risk factors in Yazd.Although Yazd did not have the highest levels of risk factors in Iran, but the findings showed that Yazd is one of theع at risk عcities with regard to prevalence of risk factors. Preventive and therapeutic programs should thus be considered as a major health priority in Yazd.
Descriptor : CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
Descriptor : RISK FACTOR
Descriptor : PREVALENCE
Descriptor : YAZD
Descriptor : IRAN
Added Entry : SADR S.M
: ANSARI Z
 
 
 
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