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library name : انستیتو تغذیه دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی
Material Type : Latin Articles
Language of Document : English
Record Number : 62139
Doc. No : 800A
Main Entry : MOHAMMADZADEH ASHRAF
Title & Author : PREVALENCE OF VISUAL IMPAIRMENT IN LOW BIRTH WEIGHT AND NORMAL BIRTH WEIGHT SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN [Article]; AMIRI RANA,ESMAEILI H.A
Title : IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS
Volume Number : , Vol.19 ؛ No.3
Date : , (2009)
page : : 271 - 276
Abstract : Objective: Studies demonstrated that 5-10percent of preschool children have visual impairment. By age seven, up to 13percent of children will have some defect in visual acuity. Both prematurity and low birth weight have been associated with an increased incidence of ophthalmic disorders. In this study we determined prevalence of visual impairment in low birth weight and normal birth weight school age children in Mashhad.Methods: This is a cross sectional study. The target population consisted of all children referred I to educational organizations for screening before entering school in Mashhad, Iran. 2400 children enrolled in the study and were evaluated for amblyopic, refractive errors, color vision disturbance and optic nerve problems. Data were analyzed by SPSS.Findings: Prevalence of ophthalmic problems in all children was 5.43percent and in low birth weight and normal birth weight 8.29percent and 5.74percent respectively. Incidence of ophthalmic problems was significantly )P=0.029( higher in low birth weight children than in normal birth weight children. The most common ophthalmic disease in both low birth weight and normal birth weight children was refractive errors 81.5percent vs. 68.8 percent )P<0.05(. Prevalence of myopia, amblyopia and color vision disturbance was also higher in low birth weight than in normal birth weight children.Conclusion: Low birth weight children are at greater risk of the visual impairment that may occur at an early age and result in long term morbidity. Visual outcome of low birth weight neonates should be evaluated routinely.
Descriptor : VISUAL IMPAIRMENT
Descriptor : LOW BIRTH WEIGHT
Descriptor : SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN
Descriptor : REFRACTION ERRORS
Added Entry : DERAKHSHAN A
: AHMADSHAH F
 
 
 
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